Underwater Monitoring Systems

 
Underwater safe oil and gas extraction and distribution, monitoring of underwater CO2 storage infrastructures, monitoring and control of marine life, marine archaeological site monitoring, tsunami and seaquake early warning systems, border control are all examples of emerging applications which demand for new technologies to perform pervasive real life monitoring and control of underwater areas and of underwater critical infrastructures.

SENSES lab is very actively involved in the emerging field of underwater sensor networks and underwater monitoring systems. We have developed a framework for accurate simulation, emulation and test at sea of solutions for underwater acoustic networks. The developed framework has been ported on embedded devices and is combined with an architectural principle which allows to easily equip with communications capabilities a variety of platforms (buoys, underwater nodes, AUVs and mobile platforms), and to easily integrate to the nodes different sensors. Communications is performed according to different protocol stacks (including MAC and routing protocols, for underwater multi-hop communications, as well as cross layer solutions) we have developed.

The group has also developed analytical frameworks, scheduling solutions, schemes for controlled mobility and optimized deployment of underwater sensor networks, and is contributing to enriching and extending state of the art underwater networks simulators.

Prof. Chiara Petrioli is part of the founding team of WSENSE La Sapienza spin-off company. WSENSE is developing products based on SENSES lab prototypes, including complete solutions for underwater monitoring systems.


Research activities



The UWSN Group research activities include:

  • Design and evaluation of new MAC, data link, routing protocols and cross-layer solutions for underwater acoustic sensor networks.

  • Investigation of the performance of existing communications protocols and of their parameter setting which optimizes network performance. This includes investigation of optimal packet length selection.

  • Improvement of the ns2-Miracle network simulator and WOSS underwater acoustic channel model to make the simulations more realistic and adherent to environmental changes as well as to the behavior of underwater nodes.

  • Design, implementation and validation of a new framework which allows to simulate/emulate/test in real-life new protocol stack solutions. The proposed framework, named SUNSET for "Sapienza University Networking framework for underwater Simulation, Emulation and real-life Testing", is an extension of the well known network simulator ns-2 and allows to re-use the same code written for simulations to perform real-life testing. Our framework aims at providing a powerful tool for sensor network researchers, which allows to fast moving from design of solutions to their testing at sea. Although such framework is general enough to be used for emulation and real-life testing of any kind of networks (radio, optical, underwater, etc.), it has been widely and extensively validated addressing UWSNs. The framework has already been extensively tested in field. The framework code has been successfully ported on small portable devices (Gumstix, PC104 or other ARM-based systems), thus allowing us to embed it inside modem or AUV housings. Interfacing with different AUVs, underwater sensors and commercial acoustic communications modems have been performed and evaluated at sea.

  • The design, implementation and test of a real-time on-line underwater environmental monitoring system combining radio and acoustic communications: the system comprises underwater nodes equipped with sensors designed by the geochemestry group which take temperature, CO2 and methane concentrations values. Values are communicated in real-time using our acoustic communication protocols stack to a gateway. The users can reconfigure on demand the system parameters (thresholds, frequency of sampling and reporting).

  • Implementation of real-time on-line control of Autonomous Underwater Vehicles (AUVs) and Autonomous Surface Vehicles (ASVs) combining radio and acoustic communication.

  • Design of scalable analytical techniques to derive optimum traffic scheduling and routing for underwater sensor networks while accurately capturing underwater channels features. These analytical models are a powerful tool to derive benchmark results (upper bounds) for underwater protocol performance and to understand the trade-offs and performance limits of such systems.

More information can be found HERE.


Recent publications (2013-2016)



  • V. Djapic, W. Dong, D. Spaccini , G. Cario, A. Casavola, P. Gjanci, M. Lupia and C. Petrioli. "Cooperation of coordinated teams of Autonomous Underwater Vehicles", in Proceedings of the 9th IFAC Symposium on Intelligent Autonomous Vehicles 2016, (Messe Leipzig, Germany), June 29-July 1 2016. - [BIB] - [PDF]

  • V. Di Valerio, F. Lo Presti, C. Petrioli, L. Picari and D. Spaccini. "A Self-Adaptive Protocol Stack for Underwater Wireless Sensor Networks", in Proceedings of MTS/IEEE OCEANS 2016, (Shanghai, China), IEEE Oceanic Engineering Society, April, 10-13 2016. - [BIB] - [PDF]

  • G. Cario, A. Casavola, V. Djapic, P. Gjanci, M. Lupia, C. Petrioli and D. Spaccini. "Clock Synchronization and Ranging Estimation for Control and Cooperation of Multiple UUVs", in Proceedings of MTS/IEEE OCEANS 2016, (Shanghai, China), IEEE Oceanic Engineering Society, April, 10-13 2016. - [BIB] - [PDF]

  • C. Petrioli, R. Petroccia, J. Potter and D. Spaccini. "The SUNSET framework for simulation, emulation and at-sea testing of underwater wireless sensor networks," Ad Hoc Networks, 2015, 10.1016/j.adhoc.2014.08.012. - [BIB] - [PDF]

  • S. Basagni, C. Petrioli, R. Petroccia and D. Spaccini. "CARP: A Channel-aware Routing Protocol for Underwater Acoustic Wireless Networks," Ad Hoc Networks, 2015, 10.1016/j.adhoc.2014.07.014. - [BIB] - [PDF]

  • A. Capossele, G. De Cicco, and C. Petrioli. "R-CARP: A Reputation Based Channel Aware Routing Protocol for Underwater Acoustic Sensor Networks," in Proceedings of ACM WUWNet 2015, (Washington DC, USA), ACM, October 22-24 2015. - [BIB]

  • V. Di Valerio, C. Petrioli, Pescosolido, M. and M. Van Der Shaar. "A Reinforcement Learning-based Data-Link Protocol for Underwater Acoustic Communications," in Proceedings of ACM WUWNet 2015, (Washington DC, USA), ACM, October 22-24 2015. - [BIB]

  • R. Petroccia, G. Cario, M. Lupia, V. Djapic and C. Petrioli. "First in-field Experiments with a "Bilingual" Underwater Acoustic Modem supporting the JANUS Standard," in Proceedings of MTS/IEEE OCEANS 2015, (Genova, Italy), IEEE Oceanic Engineering Society, May, 18-21 2015. - [BIB] - [PDF]

  • G. Ateniese, A. Capossele, P. Gjanci, C. Petrioli, and D. Spaccini. "SecFUN: Security Framework for Underwater acoustic sensor Networks," in Proceedings of MTS/IEEE OCEANS 2015, (Genova, Italy), IEEE Oceanic Engineering Society, May, 18-21 2015. - [BIB] - [PDF]

  • V. Djapic, W. Dong, Anthony Jones, G. Cario, A. Casavola, M. Lupia, C. Rosace, P. Gjanci, R. Petroccia, C. Petrioli, D. Spaccini, and D. Tommaselli. "Advanced Underwater Acoustic Networking and Cooperation of Multiple Marine Robots," in Proceedings of MTS/IEEE OCEANS 2015, (Genova, Italy), IEEE Oceanic Engineering Society, May, 18-21 2015. - [BIB] - [PDF]

  • J. Alves, R. Petroccia, and J. R. Potter. "MPR: Multi-Point Relay protocol for Underwater Acoustic Networks," in Proceedings of ACM WUWNet 2014, (Rome, Italy), ACM, November 12--14, 2014. - [BIB]

  • L. Pescosolido, C. Petrioli, L. Picari, and J. Alves. "Spectral Density Estimation of Ship-generated Underwater Acoustic Noise," in Proceedings of ACM WUWNet 2014, (Rome, Italy), ACM, November 12--14, 2014. - [BIB]

  • K. G. Kebkal, V. K. Kebkal, O. G. Kebkal, and R. Petroccia. "Clock Synchronization in Underwater Acoustic Networks During Payload Data Exchange," in Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference and Exhibition on Underwater Acoustics, (Rhodes, Greece), June, 22-27 2014. - [BIB] - [PDF]

  • C. Petrioli, R. Petroccia, D. Spaccini, A. Vitaletti, T. Arzilli, D. Lamanna, A. Galizia and E. Renzi. "The SUNRISE GATE: Accessing the SUNRISE federation of facilities to test solutions for the Internet of Underwater Things," in Proceedings of UCOMMS 2014, (Sestri Levante, Italy), September, 3-5 2014. - [BIB] - [PDF]

  • R. Martins. J. Borges de Sousa, R. Caldas, C. Petrioli and J. Potter. "SUNRISE Project: Porto University Testbed", in Proceedings of UCOMMS 2014, (Sestri Levante, Italy), September, 3-5 2014.

  • S. Basagni, C. Petrioli, R. Petroccia and D. Spaccini. "Channel Replay-based Performance Evaluation of Protocols for Underwater Routing," in Proceedings of MTS/IEEE OCEANS 2014, (St. John's, Canada), IEEE Oceanic Engineering Society, September, 14-19 2014. - [BIB] - [PDF]

  • A. Shashaj, R. Petroccia and C. Petrioli. "Energy efficient interference-aware routing and scheduling in Underwater Sensor Networks," in Proceedings of MTS/IEEE OCEANS 2014, (St. John's, Canada), IEEE Oceanic Engineering Society, September, 14-19 2014. - [BIB] - [PDF]

  • S. Basagni, L. Boloni, P. Gjanci, C. Petrioli, C. Phillips and D. Turgut. "Maximizing the Value of Sensed Information in Underwater Wireless Sensor Networks via an Autonomous Underwater Vehicle," IEEE INFOCOM 2014, (Toronto, Canada), April 27th - May 2nd, 2014. - [BIB] - [PDF]

  • C.Petrioli, R. Petroccia and D. Spaccini. "SUNSET version 2.0: Enhanced Framework for Simulation, Emulation and Real-life Testing of Underwater Wireless Sensor Networks," in Proceedings of ACM WUWNet 2013, (Kaohsiung, Taiwan), ACM, November 11--13, 2013. - [BIB] - [PDF]

  • C. Petrioli, R. Petroccia and D. Spaccini. "SUNSET: An Innovative Framework for Underwater Simulation, Emulation and Real-Life Testing," in Proceedings of the 11th ACM Conference on Embedded Networked Sensor Systems, (Rome, Italy), ACM, November 11--14, 2013. - [BIB] - [PDF]

  • C. Petrioli, R. Petroccia and D. Spaccini. "Adaptive Cross-Layer Routing for Underwater Acoustic Sensor Networks with the SUNSET Framework," in Proceedings of the 11th ACM Conference on Embedded Networked Sensor Systems, (Rome, Italy), ACM, November 11--14, 2013. - [BIB] - [PDF]

  • C. Petrioli, R. Petroccia and D. Spaccini. "Time Synchronization and Localization for Underwater Acoustic Sensor Networks with the SUNSET Framework". Proceedings of the ACM Mobicom International Workshop on Wireless Network Testbeds, Experimental evaluation and CHaracterization (WiNTECH 2013), (Miami, Fl, USA), ACM, October 1, 2013. BEST DEMO AWARD - [BIB] - [PDF]

  • L. Pescosolido, C. Petrioli, L. Picari. "A Multi-band Noise-Aware MAC Protocol for Underwater Acoustic Sensor Networks", in Proceedings of IEEE WiMob'2013, (Lyon, France), October, 2013. - [BIB] - [PDF]

  • L. Boloni, D. Turgut, S. Basagni and C. Petrioli, "Scheduling Data Transmissions of Underwater Sensor Nodes for Maximizing Value of Information", in Proceedings of IEEE Globecom 2013, (Atlanta, USA), December, 2013. - [BIB]

  • R. Petroccia and D. Spaccini, "A Back-Seat Driver to Remotely Control the Experiments in an Underwater Acoustic Sensor Network," in Proceedings of MTS/IEEE OCEANS 2013, (Bergen, Norway), IEEE Oceanic Engineering Society, June, 10-13 2013. - [BIB] - [PDF]

  • R. Petroccia and D. Spaccini, "Comparing SUNSET and DESERT Frameworks for In Field Experiments in an Underwater Acoustic Network," in Proceedings of MTS/IEEE OCEANS 2013, (Bergen, Norway), IEEE Oceanic Engineering Society, June, 10-13 2013. - [BIB] - [PDF]

  • N. A. Cruz, B. M. Ferreira, O. Kebkal, A. C. Matos, C. Petrioli, R. Petroccia and D. Spaccini. "Investigation of Underwater Acoustic Networking Enabling the Cooperative Operation of Multiple Heterogeneous Vehicles", Marine Technology Society Journal, Vol. 47, March/April, 2013, pp. 43-58(16). - [BIB] - [PDF]


UWSN Group publications can be found HERE.